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Fullbright co-founders Steve Gaynor accused of worker mistreatment


Fullbright co-founder Steve Gaynor, recognized for his work on Gone Dwelling and Tacoma, has stepped down from his position as inventive lead on Open Roads following a number of allegations relating to his remedy of Fullbright employees.

Growth on Open Roads, which was introduced in December 2020 and anticipated to star Keri Russell (The Individuals) and Kaitlyn Dever (Booksmart), is delayed. Fifteen workers left the studio since growth on Open Roads started in 2019; round six employees members stay. Talking with Polygon, 12 former workers mentioned their departure was no less than partly as a consequence of Gaynor’s conduct towards staff, particularly girls on the staff. At the very least 10 of the staff who left since Open Roads manufacturing started have been girls.

A number of former workers, who spoke with Polygon anonymously out of worry of retaliation, described the Fullbright work atmosphere as “controlling,” a spot by which staffers felt undermined and demeaned by Gaynor. Due to Gaynor’s standing because the co-founder of a beloved indie darling, some former workers say they have been frightened about being blacklisted from the trade — although some ended up leaving the trade totally, anyway. These former workers mentioned they didn’t expertise or witness sexual harassment or specific sexism; as a substitute, they mentioned, the studio’s poisonous tradition hid behind the veneer of inclusivity, as girls have been allegedly repeatedly damaged down by microaggressions.

A Fullbright consultant confirmed to Polygon that Gaynor stepped down in March as a result of “sample of girls leaving” the corporate. “Steve stepped down in March 2021 after it turned clear that the steps that have been already being taken to enhance his interactions with the staff have been solely yielding non permanent outcomes,” the consultant mentioned. “Extra drastic motion was wanted for the well being of the staff.”

The consultant additionally famous that “Annapurna is conscious of the scenario at Fullbright and has been instrumental in serving to the Open Roads staff make modifications to its construction.” A consultant for Annapurna informed Polygon it helps the Open Roads staff. Gaynor didn’t reply to Polygon’s request for remark.

Fulbright has all the time been a small impartial studio. Simply 4 individuals — three of which have been studio co-founders — created Gone Dwelling (2013), a BAFTA award-winning narrative recreation that influenced the trade. For the studio’s subsequent recreation, Tacoma (2017), the variety of staffers elevated by greater than double. Following the success of those two video games, Fullbright continued to develop, taking over extra workers and contractors.

Within the growth of Open Roads, Fullbright partnered with writer Annapurna Interactive, which supplied full funding and extra assist employees. The variety of core Fullbright workers remained below 20 at any given time. Former workers described the studio at the moment as close-knit and supportive of one another. They took pleasure in creating video games that resonated with marginalized individuals, like Gone Dwelling, a coming-of-age story a couple of teenage lesbian. However on the identical time, former workers say additionally they felt stifled by Gaynor’s “controlling” and “demeaning presence” — somebody who allegedly noticed Open Roads not because the staff’s recreation, however as his recreation. That Gaynor, himself, was Fullbright.

On Twitter, no less than, Gaynor “was” Fullbright for fairly a while: He held the @Fullbright Twitter account as his private deal with for over a decade. When he stepped down from his place as inventive lead, sources mentioned he was required to vary his Twitter account to @SteveGaynorPDX. The @Fullbright account now serves as a placeholder, and the studio now makes use of @FullbrightGames for official updates. A Fullbright consultant confirmed to Polygon that “workers have been uncomfortable with the official Fullbright account doubling as Steve’s private Twitter account.”

Girls in management positions informed Polygon that they skilled fixed micromanagement that made it troublesome for them to do their jobs, having to get even the smallest particulars accredited by Gaynor. This was compounded, they mentioned, by Gaynor’s tendency to disparage and discredit the contributions of feminine staffers specifically, oftentimes on to management. Among the former feminine staffers mentioned they typically frightened about how Gaynor characterised them to different workers.

“That is going to sound like a joke, however I’m utterly critical: Working for him typically felt like working for a highschool imply lady,” one former worker in a management place informed Polygon. “His go-to weapon was to snigger at individuals’s opinions and embarrass them in entrance of different individuals.”

Six different former workers corroborated this characterization.

Workers informed Polygon that they’d wished to report Gaynor’s conduct however had no precise course of to take action. The corporate had no devoted human useful resource workers, aside from the occasional third-party advisor. “There’s no infrastructure to escalate,” a former worker mentioned. A number of former workers mentioned they confronted Gaynor instantly whereas they have been nonetheless employed at Fullbright, telling him their issues about how they consider his conduct negatively impacted the employees.

One former worker mentioned she approached Gaynor after studying a GamesIndustry.biz report relating to Season developer Scavengers Studio. She informed Polygon she noticed similarities between Scavenger Studio inventive director Simon Darveau and Gaynor. (Whereas the allegations relating to Darveau embrace sexual harassment and groping, no claims of bodily conduct have been made in opposition to Gaynor.) The previous worker mentioned she warned Gaynor {that a} comparable report may ultimately floor about him.

“[The team was] already in session coaching for communication for the staff as a consequence of [another former employee] quitting due to him,” she mentioned. “And I informed him, I’ve these issues. Once I learn this text, I noticed a number of parallels. Not one-to-one, however a number of parallels.”

She mentioned she informed Gaynor that she was struggling to decide to Open Roads as a result of she was frightened the sport could be canceled if an article got here out about him. “I did anticipate it to be an emotional dialogue,” she informed Polygon. “I don’t assume that’s one thing anybody ever desires to listen to.”

Gaynor informed her that writer Annapurna got here to him to ask about Fullbright’s attrition drawback — notably, that ladies have been leaving the corporate on what appeared like a month-to-month foundation. The following day, the worker who had approached Gaynor mentioned he despatched her with a hyperlink to a Wikipedia article on “availability heuristics.” On Wikipedia, availability heuristics is described as “a psychological shortcut that depends on quick examples that come to thoughts when evaluating a particular subject, idea, methodology or determination.”

“He despatched me the hyperlink […] to elucidate to me that when there’s a shark assault on the information, individuals begin to get extra scared that they may get attacked by a shark,” she mentioned. “So I wasn’t really legitimate in worrying that we may have an article about his conduct.” She reported this interplay to the advisor, who reportedly mentioned that Steve’s affect didn’t match his intent.

Gone Home

A household portrait from Gone Dwelling
Picture: Fullbright

Workers discovered different methods to lift these issues. A number of left nameless digital Put up-It notes on the corporate server as a part of a “staff constructing train” in late 2020, helmed by a third-party advisor to assist communication on the staff. “This dash marks the 4th lady to go away Fullbright within the final yr,” one worker wrote. “How can we guarantee we’re creating an atmosphere that ends in girls feeling revered. HR, accountability, coaching, one thing wants to vary. All of us have an element to play in making a protected working atmosphere, change doesn’t occur with out discomfort.”

Different workers used exit interviews to report the studio tradition that they mentioned Gaynor perpetuated. (Exit interviews have been performed as a collection of questions despatched to departing employees, reviewed by division leads.) At the very least two workers reached out to Annapurna instantly. “My private expertise of getting Steve as my supervisor was a poisonous and unhealthy dynamic,” this former worker wrote in a correspondence to Annapurna that was reviewed by Polygon. “I can confidently say that I are not looking for my profession to be related to him.”

One other worker, in a letter to Annapurna, described it as “the worst skilled expertise [she’d] had in video games.”

D.I.C.E 2014 Awards

Co-founder of Fullbright, Steve Gaynor
Photograph: Gabe Ginsberg/FilmMagic by way of Getty

Different former workers spoke about how they felt the conduct at Fullbright was harmful. Fullbright, with video games like Gone Dwelling and Tacoma that concentrate on feminine characters, tends to draw girls as potential workers. It’s a studio that’s perceived to be inclusive and pleasant to teams of people that have traditionally been marginalized. It’s a studio that amplifies these voices somewhat than stifling them — no less than on the subject of its video games and the tales they inform. Folks may anticipate a poisonous tradition at triple-A studios, however not at a studio like Fullbright, former workers recalled. But these allegations have been reported persistently, and, due to it, the studio has misplaced a big portion of its employees over time, they mentioned.

Following the mass exodus of Fullbright workers in 2020 and 2021, the leads remaining on the firm have been tasked with hiring new workers. Two sources informed Polygon that they have been hesitant to rent the certified, gifted girls who utilized for the roles out of worry of how they’d be handled by Gaynor. Former workers had seen what they perceived as a sample of younger girls, early of their careers, being damaged down by their time below Gaynor at Fullbright. A number of sources informed Polygon they feared that much more promising expertise could be pushed out of the trade, just like the others.

Some former workers described themselves as “modified” following their time at Fullbright. Many have questioned their talents, describing their expertise with Gaynor as having been “gaslit,” and have sought out remedy to take care of the trauma related to growth on Open Roads and firm tradition. Former workers in management described “intense guilt” in leaving the corporate, “leaving [the] staff to fend for themselves.”

“[We] have been continuously performing as a buffer between Steve and the remainder of the staff simply so they may really get any type of work carried out with out being pulled into hours of conferences the place every thing was nitpicked to dying or finally reversed.”

With so few workers left at Fullbright, the state of Open Roads now seems to be challenged. In January, Gaynor informed Polygon that Open Roads was anticipated out in 2021. A number of former workers informed Polygon they consider there’s no approach that can occur, noting that manufacturing timelines had been disrupted by convoluted decision-making processes and the fixed state of flux inside Fullbright’s employees. A Fullbright consultant informed Polygon that the sport is not going to be out in 2021.

Though Gaynor is now not a inventive lead on Open Roads, he’s nonetheless engaged on the sport as a author. He at present has no day-to-day collaboration with the remainder of the staff. As an alternative, Annapurna Interactive is working as a mediator between the studio builders and Gaynor, as growth continues with a fraction of the corporate. A number of former workers expressed concern that Gaynor was even working on this capability — that it was bizarre for a person to be writing a narrative a couple of mom and daughter, notably a person that has allegedly demeaned a number of feminine workers.

Regardless of the unhealthy experiences that a number of former workers described to Polygon, many additionally mentioned they nonetheless felt passionate concerning the tales Fullbright has been capable of inform when different main studios weren’t doing so. However they typically felt conflicted given the low morale on the studio and the impact it had on builders who labored on these video games.

“It turns my abdomen to assume that he nonetheless will get to write down these video games about girls’s tales when that is how he treats them in actual life, with presumably no signal of stopping,” one former worker mentioned. “I need girls within the trade and this studio to really feel valued. I need weak younger girls who’re new to the trade to be supported, not preyed upon. I need girls to not need to worry retaliation from a robust ‘auteur’ determine for talking up. I need girls to really feel protected right here. I need girls to know that this isn’t regular. Greater than something, I simply need him to cease. He shouldn’t be allowed to maintain getting away with this.”

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