Neon Genesis Evangelion animator Hideaki Anno constructed his profession on pushing boundaries, whether or not they be his bodily limits or the principles of his business. In 1981, he and some of his buddies had been tasked with creating an animated quick movie to open the Nihon SF Taikai conference in Osaka, Japan. The finished venture got here to be often called DAICON III Opening Animation.
To make the movie, Anno’s group labored day and night time, utilizing money-saving non-standard vinyl sheets as animation cels and a client 8mm digicam to chop prices wherever they might. In addition they borrowed liberally from different properties, piecing collectively sci-fi iconography to inform a narrative during which a younger schoolgirl dodges every little thing from a Star Wars-esque Star Destroyer to Gomora from Ultraman to ship a cup of water to a shriveled daikon radish (that turns right into a spaceship when in touch with water). The animators exhausted themselves to get all of it executed, and because the story goes, solely delivered the completed movie on the morning of the Nihon SF Taikai conference. However the movie was a success, and the group later made their a refund by promoting unauthorized 8mm prints to the general public following the occasion. Their collective, DAICON Movie — consisting of now-legendary anime expertise like Anno, Takami Akai, Hiroyuki Yamaga and producers Toshio Okada and Yasuhiro Takeda, amongst others — would later evolve into their very own skilled anime studio, the enduring Studio Gainax, which might go on to supply classics like Evangelion.
For years, the one option to see DAICON III was by unofficial, low-quality uploads of the venture on-line. Provided that it options IP from different corporations used with out permission, the official limitations appear unlikely to vary. That’s why a gaggle of followers took it upon themselves to remaster the proto-Gainax movie in an effort of preservation. Utilizing an unofficial print, the group at Femboy Movies is bringing each body into HD to safe its place in anime historical past. However alongside the technical challenges, there’s one other hurdle standing in the best way of the venture: a copyright discover from Gainax. The snag has introduced the query of the authorized standing of doujin media, a Japanese time period for unbiased, unofficial work based mostly on different properties, to the fore.
DAICON III is among the most outstanding early examples of modern-day by-product doujin media. These fan works are constructed on questionable authorized grounds: ones which have locked this quick movie, alongside its successor, right into a state of purgatory. Whereas doujin works may be unique properties created by people or small teams, a big proportion of those tasks are by-product and make use of the properties of others with out permission.
Japanese IP holders typically keep away from authorized motion towards doujin work: Many license holders see the business as free promotion for his or her properties. These unofficial works are additionally seen by many creators within the anime and manga industries as a testing floor, permitting creators to hone their craft earlier than making the soar into skilled work. Anno had the chance to be concerned in widespread anime works Nausicaä and the Valley of the Wind and Macross on account of his work right here, whereas the funds raised helped them kind Gainax.
DAICON III was additionally launched at a time when high-profile occasions had been shifting public perceptions of anime from an underground subculture and a junk medium for kids right into a respectable a part of Japanese widespread tradition. In the identical 12 months because the quick’s launch, Yoshiyuki Tomino hosted a launch occasion for the primary Cellular Swimsuit Gundam recap film. The Shinjuku occasion, often called the New Century Declaration, was initially anticipating tons of of individuals in entrance of Shinjuku Station however ballooned right into a 20,000 particular person gathering too huge for information retailers and most of the people to disregard. As anime took middle stage, DAICON III portrayed otaku tradition and represented these followers throughout this significant turning level.
But regardless of all of this, apart from a couple of references in Gainax-produced works like Otaku no Video and FLCL, these quick movies have been left to rot in obscurity. This seemingly isn’t by selection, as there have been numerous unofficial releases of DAICON III, together with a 1988 Laserdisc and VHS launch present. However as works that flagrantly used IP from Gundam to Star Wars to Godzilla with out permission, even our late-capitalist age of cross-IP contamination hasn’t cultivated a local weather that might enable notoriously conservative Japanese licensors to work collectively on an official launch. However then, if Gainax can’t launch it, who else can guarantee an vital work is preserved for the long run?
This could be the place followers step in to plug the hole the place industrial releases both aren’t or received’t be doable. However whereas teams of passionate animation followers have stepped in to revive and protect Western animation, only a few teams exist which might be devoted to anime historical past. One exception is the restoration group Femboy Movies, which makes a speciality of preserving traditional Japanese media like mostly-forgotten Dr. Stoop PSA anime specials, outdated theatrical trailers for Detective Conan and Disney, misplaced Nineteen Eighties Shonen Soar TV commercials, and extra. On the finish of final 12 months, it took on the duty of preserving and restoring DAICON III.
“I noticed how excellent of a chance it might be for our group to protect and restore this vital piece of artwork,” defined David, a founder and the top of Femboy Movies, in a textual content correspondence relating to the venture. “That being mentioned, what we’re utilizing is on no account a pristine, or unique, copy of the movie. It’s a very amateurish copy of an already amateur-level movie, so there have been naturally going to be many hurdles to get it trying pristine once more.”
Since initially scanning a copy 8mm print of the movie late final 12 months, Femboy Movies has been correcting harm incurred over time, resembling fading shade and tearing, to create a transformative restoration that promised to be the highest-quality public launch of the movie up to now. Femboy Movies volunteer Quazza went frame-by-frame to right imperfections resembling scratches on the unique print, whereas Enigmo restored the colours utilizing reference materials and unique cel paintings. In the meantime, Camhcom labored on a brand new stereo sound combine utilizing as many unique parts of the movie because the group might collect. Femboy Movies shared its progress on Twitter, showcasing comparability pictures that had been broadly shared on social media and even earned the eye of the unique workers. However now, that work may by no means see the sunshine of day.
On July 10, Femboy Movies introduced that it deliberate on releasing its model of DAICON III in late August. Simply two weeks later, the group acquired a copyright discover from Gainax, which Polygon has considered, requesting that they cancel the approaching launch of the remaster. On July 23, the group introduced the suspension of its work in an announcement on social media, stating that “GAINAX reached out to us asking us to chorus from posting our completed product. To date, now we have been unable to return to a conclusion the place they may enable us to add the movie, so now we have no selection however to formally cancel our scheduled add till additional discover.”
In Twitter replies, the group famous hat it could have been a mistake to construct public pleasure for the venture, however nobody had thought it might turn into a problem given the unsure authorized standing of DAICON III. “Due to the extraordinarily difficult copyright scenario, we assumed that Gainax can be unable to say possession of the movie robust sufficient to warrant us to stop growth,” David mentioned in a follow-up interview following the authorized discover. “The truth is, one of many producers of the movie, Akai Takami, adopted us and favored nearly all of our tweets relating to the restoration, making us assume he accepted of the work. We thought that possibly Gaianx, because of the, properly, precarious scenario they’re in proper now, may need been good sufficient to help us or not less than flip a blind eye, however this was not the case.”
As we speak, Gaianx is a shade of its former self, with the workers that based the corporate fragmented elsewhere. Anno left to discovered Studio khara in 2006, with management over the Evangelion franchise, whereas different workers cut up to kind Studio Set off in 2011. Nonetheless, the rights to sure properties, together with DAICON III and the follow-up quick DAICON IV, stay on the beleaguered firm. Despite the fact that the corporate has no declare over the assorted mental property used inside DAICON III, Gainax has possession of the copyright for the movie as an entire, together with the unique work inside it.
Consequently, though Gainax can’t launch the movie on condition that it borrows from different properties, the corporate appears to be motivated to keep away from risking the infringement of different IP by their work. David mentioned, “I used to be initially skeptical whether or not or not I ought to take them critically. However as I learn on, I realized that the person who was contacting me had labored on these movies himself, he was one of many producers, one of many members of DAICON FILM. It bought to me, and I finally determined to conform.”
As of now, the venture is unlikely to see the anticipated public launch because of the authorized threats posed to the group by Gainax. Whereas the group at Femboy Movies put many months of labor into restoring the print on the time of the discover being acquired, any remastering work will now stay solely within the fingers of those that labored on it.
“I’m in a little bit of a state of shock and devastation following this, to let you know the reality,” David mentioned. “We’d been engaged on this for thus lengthy, put a lot time and effort into planning all of it out and had been thrilled to see how many individuals wished to see it and who had been supporting us. They [GAINAX] didn’t need to inform me if they’ve plans for the movie themselves, so I’m left guessing.
“I’m undecided the place to go from right here, to be sincere. Simply gotta maintain transferring. Work on extra stuff. Silently.”
Usually, main preservation efforts are executed by corporations based mostly on industrial motivations slightly than historic significance and even reputation. This can lead to vital anime falling into obscurity, in addition to intentionally condemn sure media into obsolescence. As an illustration, the preliminary 1973 anime adaptation of widespread anime Doraemon hasn’t aired on TV since 1979, and little or no public footage of this primary try of bringing the enduring character to life exists, with makes an attempt to broadcast, display or protect the surviving older episodes being halted by the rights holders because of the danger of damaging the popularity of the franchise. When corporations received’t or can’t remaster or protect works, it turns into a necessity for followers to leap in, irrespective of the problem.
What’s remastering DAICON III if not a celebration of a shared love of otaku tradition, identical to the unique movie? When DAICON Movie created the unique DAICON III, the group created it by ardour, not guidelines. Lots of its key creators took this to coronary heart, with Anno displaying in all his subsequent work a willingness to push the boundaries and guidelines of the mediums he labored with. Like DAICON Movie earlier than them, Femboy Movies hoped to rejoice a medium it loves. A fan-produced remaster recaptures the identical spirit that introduced this movie into existence within the first place.
Enterprise realities can usually conflict with fan works. These conflicts solely turn into extra advanced when followers are pushed by the identical ardour to honor a piece as the unique’s creators. There might not be an ideal reply to what can or ought to be executed to make sure unofficial works like DAICON III are memorialized with out copyright getting in the best way. However artwork suffers when vital works like these are forgotten to time.